28 October 2013

Identifying the Root for an Arabic Word 5

This method can be used to search an Arabic Word in 5 popular Arabic Dictionaries and the 1st few headings may give the required root.

1. Go to www.baheth.info
2. Type in the required word without harkaat using the yamli enabled search box given on the site, or copy paste after typing in eiktub.
3. After searching, it displays the word highlighted in all entries from the books 1st giving the more relevant entries usually.
4. Suppose you want to know the root for the word قُدُّوس
5. You type the word using yamli on same site or type in eiktub as قدوس and then paste in search box and search.
6. On searching you find the results in all 5 books giving all entries containing this or similar word with different harkaat. See below screenshot. 1st 4 results clearly indicate that its root is ق د س and to make sure further, see whether the words are used in قُدُّوس and you find out that they are used.



27 October 2013

Finding The Surah Number and Ayat Number for a Qur'anic Word

Sometimes you hear a Qur'anic Word but don't know the exact Surah number and Ayat number for it. And once you know the Surah number and Ayat number, you can use the 4 earlier posts Identifying the Root for an Arabic Word 1, 2, 3 and 4 to get the root for it. And after you get the root you can study dictionaries and Arabic research tools quickly.

1. To type the Arabic word and copy and paste it, see earlier posts Typing Arabic with English Keyboard 1 and 2. I have typed with harkaat and without harkaat. You can do any of the 2. See below screenshot


2. After typing the Arabic word and copying it, go to http://tanzil.net/

3. In its search box paste the word, and then press search button, the magnifying glass symbol is made on it. After searching you get the results, to know the Surah number and Ayat number of each of the results simply move the mouse cursor over them and a box will appear containing Surah number and Ayat number.


4. Once you get Surah number and Ayat number, use any of the 4 methods Identifying the Root for an Arabic Word 1, 2, 3 and 4 , to get the root.

5. Once you get the root, you can study any good dictionary or research tool in detail.

Typing Arabic with English Keyboard 2

Another tool to allow typing Arabic using English keyboard is given below, this one auto guesses and provides option, but does not write harkaat.

Yamli
1. Go to www.yamli.com/arabic-keyboard/
2. Start typing letters in english in transliteration style without vowels since it doesn't give harkaat.
3. e.g. you type 3nkbwt to get 3 suggestions عنكبوت

4. With practice, you can learn how to quickly get the required word inshaALLAH!

5. After typing the word or words, you can copy and then paste in your sites, documents, or study and research tools to study and research further.

Typing Arabic with English Keyboard 1

Being able to type Arabic is important and some tools allow typing Arabic quickly and easily using common English keyboard also.

Eiktub
This tool can be accessed online and can also be downloaded. Downloaded version gives more options and is recommended instead of online option.

1. Go to www.eiktub.com
2. See conversion table at the bottom and start practicing typing.


 3. The downloaded version gives more options. See screenshots of downloadable version on:
http://www.eiktub.com/screen_shot.html

4. To download visit link and see instructions:
http://www.eiktub.com/download.html

5. Here is guide to downloading:
Click the link circled in below images:
opera browser
 Firefox or internet explorer


6. Now is tricky part since downloadable file is not hosted on same site,  see below screenshot to see which link to click and which link to not click


 7. Download will start automatically and if in case it doesn't click link circled in below.

8. When the file is downloaded, run the setup program to install it on your computer.

9. The downloaded version looks like this:


10. After typing the word or words, you can copy and then paste in your sites, documents, or study and research tools to study and research further.

Identifying the Root for an Arabic Word 4

In this post, another method for identifying Root for an Arabic Word is discussed.

This method can be used for identifying Roots used in the Qur'an, but since this website is not complete, some of the data may be inaccurate or incomplete.

1. In your browser type the following:
http://www.openburhan.net/ob.php?sid=3&vid=170
Note: The yellow highlighted locations in the link above, in the 1st you type the Surah number, and in the 2nd you type the Ayat number.i.e. sid=&vid= , sid=3&vid=170

2. Suppose you want to know the root of the Word يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ used in 3:170. You type in your browser the above link.
Now click the word يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ


3. On clicking يَسْتَبْشِرُونَ , you should get below result.
4. You get بشر , separate the 3 letters to get the root ب ش ر

26 October 2013

Identifying the Root for an Arabic Word 3

Another method to indentify the Root for Qur'anic Words is given below. This method can be used on Android mobiles. If you don't have android mobile, you can ignore this post, since I have provided 2 other methods earlier and also plan to provide more methods of identifying roots in near future inshaALLAH! 

1. Go to Google play direct link:
https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.salaamsoftware.qurandrive&hl=en
Or search Quran Tafsir Pro in Google play.


 2. Install the software on your android mobile.  Click install button, since I had already installed, it is only giving open and uninstall option. You will see install button and on clicking it install will start inshaALLAH!

3. After installing it, open it and you will see the following inshaALLAH! :


3. Touch Surahs, you will reach following inshaALLAH!  You can navigate down to see all Surahs.



4.  Suppose you want to know the root for the word ٱلْمُسْتَقِيم used in Surah 1, you touch Surah 1. and after navigating down a little you reach the following inshaALLAH! : 


5. Touch ٱلْمُسْتَقِيم and you will get the following inshaALLAH!


6. On this Root is mentioned in white as ق و م
Now you got the root!
Further work : You can contact http://salaamsoftware.com/contactus.html and ask them to launch similar free tool for laptops/computers also. 

Identifying the Root for an Arabic Word 2

Since the important and serious dictionaries are arranged according to roots, it is very important to identify root of a word. In this post, another method to get most probable root will be shared inshaALLAH! via which people with little or no experience also can identify roots.

This method can be used for trying to identify Roots for Words used in The Qur'an:
1. Note down the Surah number and Ayat number in which the Word comes. 
2. Go to site : http://qurandev.github.io/corpus/
3. On this choose Surah Name , e.g. Surah 2 "Al-Baqara"  
(click images in this post to see them in full size.)
4. Unlike the site in 1st post on identifying roots, in this site you can't directly go directly to Ayaat. You have to navigate or guess page number. Suppose you want the root for 

ٱلْقَيُّوم used in 2:255, there will be 2 methods:

i. navigating by clicking next page button again and again till you see the Ayat in which the required word comes. 

ii. Guessing the page number and then going nearest to the page containing the Ayat. Suppose you guess page 50. You type the page number after this
http://qurandev.github.io/corpus/#!/quran-corpus/ 
i.e. 50 after "/" in above address will give
http://qurandev.github.io/corpus/#!/quran-corpus/50
and you press enter or go. A little ahead as this has taken to Surah 3, so you try page 40. 
http://qurandev.github.io/corpus/#!/quran-corpus/40

Now you see Ayat 2:248 and you are very close to 2:255
Now 1 by 1 you check page 41 then 42, and on page 42 you find the required Ayat and Word. 


5. Now take the mouse arrow over the word and you will see a box containing some information including the root

 6. In this box it is mentioned "Root: قوم (660 times)"
Now you got the root!

18 October 2013

Identifying the Root for an Arabic Word 1

Since the important and serious dictionaries are arranged according to roots, it is very important to identify root of a word. In this post, one of the simplest methods to automatically get most probable root will be shared inshaALLAH! via which people with little or no experience also can identify roots very quickly.

Using Qur'anic Arabic Corpus
This method can be used for trying to identify Roots for Words used in The Qur'an.

1. Note down the Surah Number and Ayat Number in which the Word for which you want the Root comes.

2. Go to http://corpus.quran.com/wordbyword.jsp

3. Using drop down menu for Surah, select the Surah in which the word came.

4. Using drop down menu for Ayat (on the site mentioned as Verse), select the Ayat in which the word came.

For example, you see the word ٱلْفُرْقَان in Surah 25: Ayat 1
You use drop down menus to select Surah 25 and Ayat 1, (click images in this post to see them in full size.)


5. Then you scroll down till you find the word ٱلْفُرْقَان and then click it


6.Now you are taken to link http://corpus.quran.com/wordmorphology.jsp?location=(25:1:4)
25:1:4 means Surah 25: Ayat 1: Word 4.



7. On this page the root is mentioned as "The noun's triliteral root is fā rā qāf (ف ر ق)"

 Now you got the root! 

7 October 2013

Arabic Roots and Studying Dictionaries

Being able to identify root for any word is very important, since by knowing root, you can easily study mature dictionaries, you can study basic meaning shades of the root, study related words from the same root, and then understand the word being studied even better.

So a word has 2 parts, a Root and a Pattern. 
Briefly both will be explained inshaALLAH and guide for different levels can be provided at the end. You can't know root without pattern and you can't know pattern without root, and both verify each other. And with experience and effort the skill improves.

After experience and regular study, users can start learning the patterns and by knowing patterns roots can be easily identified and by identifying root in a word, pattern can be easily identified. Then to verify whether the pattern is correct or some other pattern is there, root can be studied further and meaning shade, should be linked to basic root meaning in some way, otherwise another pattern may be applicable.

For example lets start with words every one knows :
مُسْلِم
سَلِيم
سَالِم
Roots of most words are of 3 letters, in all the above letters, the 3 common letters are س ل م
To get pattern for all the above words, simply replace 1st root letter with ف and 2nd root letter with ع and 3rd root letter with ل
 

مُسْلِم مُفْعِل
سَلِيم فَعِيل
سَالِم فَاعِل


Now in reverse, فَاعِل is a common pattern, using which root of سَالِم can be identified as س ل م

Augmentative Letters  :
In a word not all letters, are root letters. The letters in a word which are not root letters are called augmentative letters. Only the following can come as augmentative letters.
أ ا ت س ل م ن ه و ي
All letters can come as root letters but only the above can come as augmentative letters. So this is another indicator.

Practice: 
1. Learn the Arabic alphabets in sequence, see 1st post.
2. Visit following tools, beginners and intermediate visit: http://ejtaal.net/aa and advanced visit http://baheth.info
3. Using above start studying words and their roots along with words of the root.
4. If beginners can't identify root, as a 1st step they can study some basic word based dictionaries in which words are arranged alphabetically instead of arrangement according to root. The better method to study words in Arabic is studying according to roots and not according to alphabetical arrangement of words.
5. 1 way for beginners may be to focus on Qur'anic words first, and for that they can note down Surah number and Ayat number in which a word comes. They can then visit word by word Qur'an site and then select the Surah number and Ayat number in which the word is found. Then they can click the word they are studying and this will take to a page where the root for the word will be given. They can also click Qur'an Dictionary on this page to study the words from that root used in the Qur'an.