21 October 2014

Arabic Verb Form I (u) fa'ula فَعُلَ يَفْعُلُ yaf'ulu

Meaning shades of Arabic Verbal Form I (u)

Also see posts on Other Arabic Verb Forms
This post is on The Meanings of Arabic Verb Form I (u)  فَعُلَ, Usually one or multiple (more than one) of the following meaning shades are applicable in a form I (u) verb and applicable meaning shades may differ from verb to verb.
Last edited on : 14-September-2015 and planned to be edited and improved further.

فَعُلَ
u-u =  فَعُلَ u-u يَفْعُلُ


ك The form فَعُلَ u-u يَفْعُلُ also known as form كَرُمَ

1 (w) . Mostly indicates a permanent state, or a naturally inherent quality.

2 (t) . فَعُلَ is a pure stative structure. It is always stative without irregularities, and the primary meaning of this structure in Classical Arabic is always "he has been something" or "he was something" rather than "he became something."
A main difference between I (u) and I (i) is that I (u) is usually used for simple attributes like "small," "easy," "tall," "good," "slow," "honorable," etc. whereas I (i) is generally used for more real states like "angry," "tired," "safe," "knowing," "forgetting," "saturated," etc.

3 (h) . These verbs denote natural dispositions. Their attributes subsist in the subject and do not pass beyond him. The transitive verb becomes intransitive, when its pattern is changed to فَعُلَ , it may be done for the sake of intensiveness and wonder.

4 (h) . For verbs of natures, i.e. created qualities. Also what is not a nature sometimes following the course of one, when it has some duration.

5 (k) . Used for permanent/continuous attributes which may be divided into 3 types:
Attributes that are:
i. Natural & by birth
ii. Acquired permanently after effort
iii.  Permanent only for a certain duration of time

6 (k) . Always intransitive because verbs coming from u-u are related to subject or فَاعِل itself and not related to something else.

7 (h) . Form I (u) and Form I (i) are sometimes used for colors, defects, appearances etc., but the main forms to depict colors, defects, appearances etc. are Form IX and Form XI.

8 (h) . When perfect is فَعُلَ its imperfect is always يَفْعُلُ (u-u) .

9 (q) . Pattern فَعِيل which is used for permanent/continuous attributes is related for Form I (u-u) in most of such roots from which this pattern comes.

Important Note: 
Best examples for analyzing and verifying the level of applicability or non-applicability of above mentioned meaning shades and for finding additional meaning shades is by studying all occurrences of the form in The Qur'an and for that you can check relevant examples for this form in Pattern Wise Concordance PDF by visiting the post:
Pattern wise, Root wise & Letter wise Concordance of The Qur'an
& downloading the concordance documents freely. You can check relevant examples of most of the patterns used in the Qur'an by using concordance documents.

References: When multiple references mentioned for a point, it means material selected from all quoted references more from some and less from others and all quoted references do not necessarily agree on everything. Material is not exactly copied but based on the reference quoted and I have made additions, editions & changes where required :   
k = Aasaan Khaasiyyaat e abwaab Urdu
h = Howell Arabic Grammar English
w = Wright Arabic Grammar English
t = arabic.tripod.com
q = Qawaid Zaban e Qur'an Urdu
n = new indication by me.
a = Derived from other tools like arabic almanac or some other book.

29 September 2014

Using Islam Port to search and study an Arabic word in 104 Arabic Qur'an Tafsir books, 167 Arabic dictionaries and language studies and 211 Qur'anic studies books

Islam Port site can be used to search and study a word in about 104 Arabic Qur'an Tafsir books, 167 Arabic Dictionaries and 211 Qur'anic Studies books.

1. Islam Port site Index 2 gives books counts also along with areas covered.

2. Below are links to books and search pages from where you can search a word in all books in the category.

104 Arabic Qur'an Tafsir Books :
Study Books 1 by 1 online or download in bok format 

Search any word in all 104 books together

167 Arabic Dictionaries and Language Studies:
Study Books 1 by 1 online or download in bok format 

Search any word in all 167 books together

211 Arabic Qur'anic Studies Book:
Study Books 1 by 1 online or download in bok format 

Search any word in all 211 books together

3. See Typing Arabic with English Keyboard 1 to type in Arabic and then copy and paste into search box of any of the above 3 book sets search pages.

4. As a sample I am searching in 167 Arabic dictionaries and Language studies. Same method can be used for Arabic Qur'an Tafsir books and Arabic Qur'anic Studies books.
Select 1st option:

Type in Eiktub without harkaat and copy the typed word:


Paste the word in search box and press the ابحث button :


Results are in multiple pages.To have all results on a single page edit 10 in browser and replace it with 1000.
http://islamport.com/cgi-bin/w/lqh/search.cgi?zoom_query=%DE%ED%E6%E3&zoom_per_page=10&zoom_and=0&zoom_sort=0
to
http://islamport.com/cgi-bin/w/lqh/search.cgi?zoom_query=%DE%ED%E6%E3&zoom_per_page=1000&zoom_and=0&zoom_sort=0

After setting 1000 or any big number, results on single page. You can also set exact number based on actual number of results. See below screenshot.

Now 2nd search will have to be done using internet browser since it hasn't highlighted all the results. See this post to see comparison of browser searches at the end for 3 internet browsers. Press Ctrl with f to open browser search box and paste the word in it also.

Now study the results in books 1 by 1 selecting the book you want to study 1st, or book showing most relevant context with the search word 1st, and then next important and so on. e.g. in this search 3rd result selected 1st.

After opening the book page in new tab, again press Ctrl with f, and copy and paste the same word again to get it highlighted.
You can also check previous pages, search same word in it and if found try 1 more previous page and so on till you find the word consecutively in all previous pages and then you can start research on that word from that page. After completing that page, study next page and so on. But before starting study of any page, get the relevant word highlighted.

After studying the search results in 1 book, open new book page in new window and repeat the same process. Then study next important book and so on, till you study the topic in sufficient detail. 

22 September 2014

Search and Study any Arabic word in Lisan al Arab لسان العرب Maqayis al Lughah مقاييس اللغة Al Qamoos ul Muheet القاموس المحيط As Sihah fil Lughah الصّحّاح في اللغة Al Ubab uz Zakhir العباب الزاخر together

The site www.baheth.info has the ability to search and return good search results containing relevant data from the following 5 books, highlighting the searched root or word along with other related words in all the 5 dictionaries:
Lisan al Arab لسان العرب
Maqayis al Lughah مقاييس اللغة
Al Qamoos ul Muheet القاموس المحيط
As Sihah fil Lughah الصّحّاح في اللغة
Al Ubab uz Zakhir العباب الزاخر
together

Baheth contains alot of advertisements which you must not click. Also the owner of site has made it such that you can not directly link to any root or word. Any link to a root on baheth from external site does not work. All links coming to the site usually end up in same basic page. All search has to be done via searching within the search box.

I had contacted the author to offer freely downloadable version, but no response received. 

Advertisements shown in below screen shots in red box, never click them as these are advertisements. The main useful click-able area is in green box. Click below images to see larger images.
Another advertisement to avoid in below screenshot.

The words related to searched term are highlighted in yellow. In 1st image, I have not shown highlight. But in 2nd image above, you can see words related to فرق highlighted in yellow.

Now, how to effectively search and study words and roots. You can type in roots or words without harkaat using Yamli inbuilt into baheth or you can type in Eiktub without harkaat and copy and paste here. See Typing Arabic Letters in various Tools and Sites using the English equivalent Letters for knowing which English letters you have to type to get corresponding Arabic letters.

Above you can see, I typed frq and yamli automatically suggested various options, I have to click to get my required root فرق searched. Other option is to type in Eiktub and then copy and paste in search box above. After entering the required root or word, type the button ابحث to search. Searching gives 1st highlighted results and returns roots having the related words highlighted in yellow. This is 1st level of highlight, pinpointing possible areas of more interest. Here I have searched فرق but you can make the highlighting even more focused by searching the exact word you want to search e.g. you can search فرقان instead to get more specific and narrower results.

To get another level of highlight to get more focused pinpointing in addition to above فرق related highlighting, see following method. Suppose now you also want to get فرقان highlighted in different color to get 2 levels of highlighted words. Press Ctrl and then also press f while pressing Ctrl button on keyboard i.e. Ctrl+f.
In browsers this will open a search box and within this search box you can paste the required word, after typing on Eiktub or Yamli and then press Enter.
You can use any browser for searching for 2nd level, below methods are shown for 3 browsers from which you can use any or you can use any other browser also.
Opera gave 38 results since it searched regardless of harkaat in baheth data:

Internet Explorer gave 38 results when فرقان was searched, again regardless of harkaat in baheth data. Next and previous buttons have to be pressed to get the term highlighted and see it in context:

Firefox gave 2 results for search without harkaat only since it also takes harkaat into account and to get full results you will have to search and and others. 1st I search فرقان to get 2 results.

Then I search فُرْقان to get 31 more results

Repeat above steps to search other roots and words.

19 September 2014

Quickly Studying any Qur'anic Root, its Derived Words and Concordance in Qur'anic Arabic Corpus

To quickly access and study a Qur'anic root along with its derived words and their concordance on Qur'anic Arabic Corpus directly and quickly. Visit below link:
http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=wqy

Write English equivalent of any root you want to study in yellow highlighted portion of browser and press Enter to directly go to the page on Qur'anic Arabic Corpus Dictionary regarding that root giving concordance data for the root along with derived words from the root used in The Qur'an.

See below image giving conversion letters i.e. learn which letter you have to type in English for corresponding Arabic letter. Type the letters without any spaces in between e.g. to study root و ق ي along with all its derived words and their concordance on Qur'anic Arabic Corpus, type wqy , to study ع ص م type ESm and press Enter.


Screenshot from Qur'anic Arabic Corpus site:

If you can't find a root i.e. the word you are trying to study has a different root assigned to it on the site, following 2 methods can be used: 

Method 1:
i. Instead of entire root, type only 1st letter of root
ii. Click the arrow button to open down menu and select the root or word you want to study along with all its occurrences. 
iii. Click Go.

Method 2:
1. If you know the Surah and Ayat number in which the word is used, you can find out the root using below post instructions. 
2. Then use the direct method of pasting entire root equivalent in browser as discussed at the top of this post.

18 September 2014

Typing Arabic Letters in various Tools and Sites using the English equivalent Letters

Find what letter or letters you have to type in English to have the required Arabic Letter typed in various important online sites and tools. Learning these is very important for quickly researching and studying using these sites:

Download PDF from this link :
http://asimiqbal2nd.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/arabic-letters-english-letters-equivalents-online-tools.pdf 

  • a / A means you can type either a or A to get ا and similarly for remaining letters
  • Baheth uses Yamli which gives a frop down list from which you have to choose the letter. 
  • For searching roots with ه in Arabic Almanac and Mawrid Reader, type the root with a space between each of the letters.
  • Click heading names in PDF to go to the site mentioned in heading.

Tools and Sites covered in this user guide include: 
Arabic Almanac & Mawrid Reader
Qur'anic Arabic Corpus Dictionary
Baheth
Eiktub
Yamli

17 September 2014

Quickly access and study any Qur'anic Ayat Word by Word in Qur'anic Arabic Corpus

Using below link you can quickly reach the page of any Qur'anic Ayat for Word by Word Analysis given in Qur'anic Arabic Corpus
http://corpus.quran.com/wordbyword.jsp?chapter=3&verse=7
To see and study word by word analysis of any Ayat in Qur'anic Arabic Corpus Word by Word, just edit the above yellow highlighted portions. For Surah, edit 3 and enter any number from 1 to 114 for the Surah you want to study. For Ayat, edit 7 and enter any Ayat number you want to study for that Surah and press Enter to study the Word by Word Analysis of that Ayat.


Also see Identifying The Root for an Arabic Word 1 to see further steps when on an Ayat to study any word in further detail

Note: Verification of Qur'anic Arabic Corpus is not yet complete, so use with additional verification.

Appendix:
Suggest any improvement in Qur'anic Arabic Corpus using the messageboard .
This page is for Qur'an Dictionary on Qur'anic Arabic Corpus.

20 August 2014

Arabic Verbal Form I (i) fa'ila فَعِلَ يَفْعَلُ يَفْعِلُ yaf'alu yaf'ilu fa3ila

Meaning shades of Arabic Verbal Form I (i)

Also see posts on Other Arabic Verb Forms
This post is on The Meanings of Arabic Verb Form I (i)  فَعِلَ, Usually one or multiple (more than one) of the following meaning shades are applicable in a form I (i) verb and applicable meaning shades may differ from verb to verb.
Last edited on : 22-August-2014 and planned to be edited and improved further.

فَعِلَ
i-a =  فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ
i-i = فَعِلَ i-i يَفْعِلُ

1 (w) . Mostly Intransitive, sometimes transitive. When intransitive, mostly indicates a temporary state or condition, or a merely accidental quality in persons or things.

2 (t) . Generally a stative structure. Rather than indicating real actions that occur over time, this structure usually refers to the state of the subject. These verbs usually do not indicate real actions. You don't actually do something when you "know". The stative verb "to know" can indicate 2 things:
It can indicate the simple being in the state of knowing.
It can indicate the becoming in the state of knowing; or in other words, it can indicate changing from the state of unknowing into the state of knowing.
Thus, stative verbs can indicate either being something or becoming something.
Most of the stative فَعِلَ verbs will primarily indicate the 2nd meaning, i.e. "he became something." A few number of them ill indicate "he was something" as a primary meaning.
The dynamic vs stative distinction between فَعَلَ and فَعِلَ is a general rule but is not always true. Sometimes inverse is also true.

3 (h)(n) . The general rule when perfect is فَعِلَ is that imperfect is mostly يَفْعَلُ (i-a) but when ف of root is و , then يَفْعِلُ (i-i) is mostly used so that cause of elision of و is there i.e. و when quiescent is deemed heavy between a ي pronounced with fatha and an inseparable kasra and is elided/dropped. Very few verbs have rare usage of form فَعِلَ i-i يَفْعِلُ in addition to more common and approved usage of form فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ without ف of root being a و but on deeper examination usage of i-i in them does not appear to be justified. Some verbs have form فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ despite ف of root being a و .

س The form فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ also known as form سَمِعَ
In such verbs, one or multiple from the following meaning shades may be applicable.

Important meaning shades:
(k) . Mostly 8 types of verbs come from i-a and can be used for indicating:

1 (k)(a) . Ailment, sickness, illness, disease; pain, ache etc.
سَقِمَ He became ill.
مَرِضَ He became sick. He had a disease.
وَجِعَ He had pain or ache.
أَلِمَ He suffered severe pain or ache.
شَكِعَ He went into a state of groaning with pain or illness. He was groaning with pain or illness.

2 (k)(a) . Grief, sorrow, sadness etc.
حَزِنَ He became affected with حُزْن (Past related worry. Roughness or uneasiness in the spirit on account of grief. Grief, sorrow, sadness. Grief arising on account of an unpleasant event that has happened, or on account of an object of love that has passed away.
خَزِيَ He became humiliated, disgraced, abased to the level of being ashamed of his state himself. 

3 (k)(a) . Gladness, joy, happiness, rejoicing etc.
فَرِحَ He experienced a sensation of lightness in his heart. He experienced dilation of his chest with delight or pleasure. This experience is usually of short duration, transitory and fleeting. He exulted or rejoiced: beyond due level or ungratefully or proudly.

4 (k)(a) . Colors. (Mostly Form IX and Form XI are used to indicate colors.)
شَهِبَ It was or became of the color termed شُهْبَة (grey, whiteness mixed with blackness.)
قَهِبَ It was or became of the color termed قُهْبَة (an ashy dust color or dusky white color etc.)
أَدِمَ He was or became of the color termed أُدْمَة ( wheatish)

5 (k)(a) . Defect, blemish, fault, faultiness, unsoundness, imperfection, something amiss etc.
شَكِسَ He became ill-natured in behavior or dealing.
لَحِزَ He became miserly.

6 (k)(a) . Condition, state, form, make, appearance, quality, attribute; aggregate of the attributes or qualities etc.
The examples below are also valid for defects point above.
ضَلِعَ It was or became crooked or curved. .
عَرِجَ He became lame.
عِوِرَ He became one eyed. He became blind of one eye.

7 (k)(a) Inflaming with anger; flaring, emotion, incitement, excitement, amazement, astonishment, agitation, restlessness, anxiety, fear etc.  
بَطِرَ He exulted and behaved insolently, ungratefully, thanklessly due to wealth.
قَلِقَ He became restless.
حَمِسَ He became hardy.
غَضِبَ He became angry.

8 (k)(a) . Hunger, thirst etc.
شَبِعَ He became sated or satiated, or satisfied in stomach after eating ample food. 
رَوِيَ He drank to satisfaction, he drank to his fill, he quenched his thirst. He drank enough to satisfy or quench his thirst.  
عَطِشَ He became thirsty.

9 (k) .  Mostly verbs like above 8 categories and verbs indicating change of state or condition come from i-a . In perfect of this form, ع of root is given kasra instead of fatha, i.e. perfect is فَعِلَ instead of فَعَلَ , as if in word and meaning there is change from 1 state or condition to another.

10 (k)(a) . Becoming  scared, afraid , confounded, stupefied, astonished, amazed on seeing the thing indicated in the word from the same root.
أَسِدَ He became stupefied by fear on seeing a lion i.e أَسَد 
بَقِرَ It (a dog) became confounded, stupefied, astonished on seeing بَقَر (wild oxen or wild bulls or cows).

11 (q) . This form is indicative of internal : states, conditions, emotions etc. 

Other meaning shades:
Following meaning shades are also possible in few verbs from i-a.

12 (k) . Attaching or gluing to the thing indicated in the word from the same root.

13 (k) . Becoming like the thing indicated in the word from the same root.

14 (k) . Becoming possessor of the meaning indicated in the root or thing indicated in the word from the same root. 
تَرِبَ It became dusty.
تَرِبَ he or it became affected with جَرَب  (mange or scab) . 

15 (k) . To indicate the subject or فَاعِل making the object or مَفْعُول to become possessed of the meaning indicated by the root or word from the same root. 

16 (k) . Subject or فَاعِل Removing from the object or مَفْعُول the meaning indicated by the root or thing indicated by the word from the same root .

Note: 
(k)(n)(a) . Some verbs come on both forms فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ and فَعُلَ u-u يَفْعُلُ . Verbs that have ي as عor ل of root don't come on form فَعُلَ u-u يَفْعُلُ except extremely few verbs presented by some as exceptions e.g. هَيُؤَ and these 2 with final ي converted to و as رَمُوَ and قَضُوَ  . Meaning shade is different, i-a usually indicating a temporary state or condition while u-u a permanent state or condition. Some books translate both verbs with same explanation but differences should be kept in mind and indicated in translation after also considering context in which each of the 2 forms is used.  

ح The form فَعِلَ i-i يَفْعِلُ also known as form حَسِبَ
1 (h) . The general rule when perfect is فَعِلَ is that imperfect is mostly يَفْعَلُ (i-a) but when ف of root is و , then يَفْعِلُ (i-i) is mostly used so that cause of elision of و is there i.e. و when quiescent is deemed heavy between a ي pronounced with fatha and an inseparable kasra and is elided/dropped. Very few verbs have rare usage of form فَعِلَ i-i يَفْعِلُ in addition to more common and approved usage of form فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ without ف of root being a و but on deeper examination usage of i-i in them does not appear to be justified. Some verbs have form فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ despite ف of root being a و . So فَعِلَ i-i يَفْعِلُ is not an original form and is converted from فَعِلَ i-a يَفْعَلُ due to above mentioned reason. Its meaning shades don't have to be discussed since same meaning shades of i-a hold for i-i also. 

2 (k)(n). All verbs that come on form i-i in The Qur'an have و as  ف of root, even حَسِبَ is used in the Qur'an on form i-a and not i-i . Following verbs are said in some books to come from i-i without ف of root being و
حَسِبَ , but it is used in the Qur'an on form i-a only and not even once on form i-i. More approved and used form is i-a and only 1 tribe has i-i dialect also.
بَئِسَ , its contracted form بِئْسَ is used in the Qur'an. Again no i-i usage in the Qur'an. Also in Lane Lexicon, only i-a is mentioned and no i-i and the claim or usage of i-i if any seems strange since ع of root is a guttural letter and such usually get fatha on ع of root in imperfect , then how is form i-i being claimed in addition to i-a?
نَسِيَ , but it is used in the Qur'an on form i-a only and not even once on form i-i.
نَعِمَ , its contracted form نِعْمَ is used in the Qur'an. Again no i-i usage in the Qur'an.
The claim or usage of i-i if any seems strange since ع of root is a guttural letter and such usually get fatha on ع of root in imperfect , then how is form i-i being claimed in addition to i-a?
يَبِسَ , neither i-a nor i-i used in the Qur'an.
 i-a is the more approved and used form and usage of i-i is extraordinary with respect to rules and usage. Though, I have discussed in I(a), the imperfect coming on a-i due to of ف root being a ي as a possible reason of it coming on form a-i and so here in I(i) also, this can be a rare and seldom used reason of coming on form i-i in addition to the approved form i-a in such cases.
يَئِسَ , but it is used in the Qur'an on form i-a only and not even once on form i-i.
i-a is the more approved and used form and usage of i-i is extraordinary with respect to rules and usage. The claim or usage of i-i if any seems strange since ع of root is a guttural letter and such usually get fatha on ع of root in imperfect , then how is form i-i being claimed in addition to i-a?

Important Note: 
Best examples for analyzing and verifying the level of applicability or non-applicability of above mentioned meaning shades and for finding additional meaning shades is by studying all occurrences of the form in The Qur'an and for that you can check relevant examples for this form in Pattern Wise Concordance PDF by visiting the post:  
Pattern wise, Root wise & Letter wise Concordance of The Qur'an
& downloading the concordance documents freely. You can check relevant examples of most of the patterns used in the Qur'an by using concordance documents.

References: When multiple references mentioned for a point, it means material selected from all quoted references more from some and less from others and all quoted references do not necessarily agree on everything. Material is not exactly copied but based on the reference quoted and I have made additions, editions & changes where required :   
k = Aasaan Khaasiyyaat e abwaab Urdu
h = Howell Arabic Grammar English
w = Wright Arabic Grammar English
t = arabic.tripod.com
q = Qawaid Zaban e Qur'an Urdu
n = new indication by me.
a = Derived from other tools like arabic almanac or some other book.

15 August 2014

Arabic Verb Form I (a) فَعَلَ يَفْعُلُ يَفْعِلُ يَفْعَلُ fa'ala yaf'ulu yaf'ilu yaf'alu fa3ala

Meaning shades of Arabic Verbal Form I (a)
Also see posts on Other Arabic Verb Forms
This post is on The Meanings of Arabic Verb Form I (a) فَعَلَ . Usually one or multiple (more than one) of the following meaning shades are applicable in a form I (a) verb and applicable meaning shades may differ from verb to verb.
Last edited on : 15-August-2014 and planned to be edited and improved further.

 فَعَلَ
a-u = فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ
a-i = فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ
a-a = فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ

1 (w) .  Mostly transitive, sometimes intransitive.

2 (t) . Generally a dynamic or active structure. It usually indicates a real action on the part of the subject that occurs over a period of time.

3 (h) . Generally the imperfect of فَعَلَ is يَفْعِلُ (a-i) or يَفْعُلُ (a-u) unless ع or ل of root is a guttural letter i.e. 1 of  أ ، ه ، ع ، ح ، غ ، خ in which case the imperfect can also come on يَفْعَلُ (a-a). Various فَعَلَ verbs have both imperfects i.e. يَفْعِلُ (a-i) or يَفْعُلُ (a-u) .

4 (h) . The verb indicative of superiority usually has فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ , but not all verbs of a-u are indicative of superiority and have other meaning shades also.

5 (h). The form فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ comes when ف of root is و or ي . Damma is discarded because a ي followed by a و or ي before a damma is deemed heavy. If it is و then it is usually dropped since it is deemed heavy when it is quiescent and is between a ي pronounced with fatha and inseparable kasra. (This can be originally a-i or a-u. )

6 (h) . The form فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ comes when ع or ل of root is ي , but if one of  ع or ل is ي and other one of ع or ل is a guttural letter, then in such cases it can also come on the form فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ  . (This can be originally a-i or a-u)

7 (h) . For roots with same letter as  ع and ل of root i.e. reduplicated verbs ,  فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ mostly comes for intransitive verbs e.g. خَرَّ يَخِرُّ and very rarely for transitive verbs.

8 (h) . For roots with same letter as  ع and ل of root i.e. reduplicated verbs ,  فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ mostly comes for transitive verbs , and sometimes for intransitive verbs .

9 (h) . The form فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ comes when ع or ل of root is و , but if ل of root is و and ع of root is a guttural letter in which case it can also come on the form فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ  . (This can be originally a-u or a-i)

10 (h) .  The form فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ comes when the verb is indicative of superiority to the competitor but if ف of root is a و or if ع or ل of root is ي , then the form is  فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ . (Such verbs are originally a-u)

11 (h) . The form فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ usually comes when the verb in not indicative of superiority to the competitor and ع or ل of root is a guttural letter , and root is not with same letter as  ع and ل i.e. it is not a reduplicated verb and verb is not a verb which is well known for its usage in form فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ or فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ .The guttural letter makes form a-a allowable, but not necessary.
Extremely few exceptions exist in which form فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ is used even when ع or ل of root is not a guttural letter e.g. أَبَىٰ يَأْبَىٰ etc. Some possible reasons can be there via which some of the exceptions can be shown to still follow the rule. Some say that بَقَىٰ يَبْقىٰ is originally بَقِىَ يَبْقىٰ because every final ى pronounced with uninflectional fatha and preceded by kasra, can be converted into ا or ى (which is is written ى but spoken like ا and is called ألف مقصورة .) and then kasra on its previous letter is also converted to fatha. Very rarely, perfect of 1 form is used while imperfect of other form is used. Also very rarely, an inter-mixture of 2 dialectic variants is used in which perfect is taken from 1 form while imperfect is taken from the other form.

Important Note: 
Below, I give meaning shades of the sub forms a-u, a-i mostly based on (k) and since other books I have didn't contain much information , I couldn't cross check and re-verify the suggested meaning shades using other books. Moreover, the book has quoted 1 example with most of the shades and it can't be ascertained without an exhaustive study into many such verbs from each sub form the number of verbs on which each of the given meaning shades apply. So just read them few times and if you can keep in mind easily you can, but no need to memorize below meaning shades of form I (a).  

ن The form فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ also known as form  نَصَرَ
In such verbs, one or multiple from the following meaning shades may be applicable.

Important meaning shades:
1 (h)(k)(a) . Indicative of superiority to the competitor . Showing the superiority, surpassing, overpowering, predominating, gaining of ascendancy, victory, overcoming, prevailing of 1 competitor over the other. After form III verb indicating reciprocity or mutual effort or competition, form I (a-u) is usually used to show the gaining of superiority of 1 over the other. An important point to note is that we can't choose any verb we like in a-u and use it to show superiority to the competitor, but this is only for those verbs which are used in Arabic in this sense . 
If ف of root is a و or ي OR if ع or ل of root is ي , then the form used is  فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ . It appears that such verbs are originally a-u but due to 1 of these 2 reasons the form is converted to a-i . Specially form I forms indicative of superiority appear to be originally a-u, which are sometimes converted to form a-i when one of these conditions is met. Note: This quality won't be discussed again in a-i even if it comes from a-i when 1 of above mentioned conditions is met, because it appears that in such cases also it is originally a-u which is converted to a-i. 
 كَبَرْتُهُI became bigger than him.

2 (a-u, a-i) (k) . To indicate the subject or فَاعِل making the object or مَفْعُول to become possessed of the meaning indicated by the root or word from the same root.
 ثَلَثَ الْمَالَHe made 3 portions of the wealth. (derived from the word ثُلُث from the same root  ث ل ث .)

3 (a-u, a-i) (k) . To indicate the subject or فَاعِل reaching the place or time indicated by the word from the same root.

Other meaning shades:
4 (k) . Possessing the meaning indicated by the root or thing indicated by the word from the same root.
 بَابَ لَهُHe was or became a keeper of بَاب i.e. door keeper for him.

5 (k) . Doing something in the time indicated by the word from the same root.
 غَدَاHe went or went away in the time called غُدْوَة (the early part of the morning).  

6 (k) . Making the thing indicated by the word from the same root.
 جَدَرَHe made a جِدَار i.e. wall.

7 (k) . Using the thing indicated by the word from the same root. Doing with the thing indicated by the word from the same root, the function it is made for. 
 عَصَاهُHe struck or beat him with a عَصَا i.e. staff. (He used a عَصَا i.e. staff. to strike him.)

8 (k) . Taking from something what is indicated by its root or indicated by a word from its root.
 ثَلَثَ الْمَالَHe took 3rd portion of the wealth.

9 (k)(a) .  Thrusting, propelling, pushing or repelling the thing indicated by the word from the same root, to remove it from its place .
 بَصَقَHe spat. (بُصَاق means spittle or saliva that has gone forth from the mouth)

10 (k) . Subject or فَاعِل joining or mixing something with the object or مَفْعُول .
مَشَجَ بَيْنَهُمَا He made a mix up or confusion between them 2. 
مَزَجَهُ بِالْمَآء He mixed, mingled, blended it with water.

11 (k) . Subject or فَاعِل veiling, covering the object or مَفْعُول .
حَجَبَهُ He veiled it. 

12 (k) . Verbs indicating gathering together or collecting together or assembling together often come on form a-u.
حَشَرَهُم He assembled them together.

13 (q) . This form has verbs indicating the act of advancing or expansion, spreading etc.  and related meaning shades.

14 (a-u, a-i) (k) . Preventing something from the meaning indicated by the root of the verb or word from the same root as the verb.

15 (a-i, a-u) (k) .Giving the thing indicated in the word from the same root.
 أَجَرَهُHe gave him أَجْر (a recompense, compensation or reward for what one has done).

16 (a-i, a-u) (k) . Feeding someone with the thing indicated in the word from the same root.
تَمَرَهُ (a-i, a-u) he fed him تَمْر (dates.)
17 (a-i, a-u) (k)(a) .Subject or فَاعِل Removing from the object or مَفْعُول the meaning indicated by the root or thing indicated by the word from the same root .
(This appears to be more common in a-i as compared to a-u based on (k). In examples like below one, both a-i and a-u forms can be used.)
 قَشَرَهُ(a-i) & (a-u) both used in similar meaning. He removed or stripped off from it (e.g. branch or some other thing) the قِشْر (outer covering, superficial part, outer integument, peal, rind, bark, coat, covering, skin, crust etc.)


ض The form فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ also known as form  ضَرَبَ
In such verbs, one or multiple from the following meaning shades may be applicable.

Important meaning shades:
1 (a-i, a-u) (k)(a) .Subject or فَاعِل Removing from the object or مَفْعُول the meaning indicated by the root or thing indicated by the word from the same root .
(This appears to be more common in a-i as compared to a-u based on (k). In examples like below one, both a-i and a-u forms can be used.)
 قَشَرَهُ(a-i) & (a-u) both used in similar meaning. He removed or stripped off from it (e.g. branch or some other thing) the قِشْر (outer covering, superficial part, outer integument, peal, rind, bark, coat, covering, skin, crust etc.)

2 (k) . To shorten a sentence into 1 verb by making the verb from root of 1 word of the sentence.

3 (q) . Movement from above to below.

Other Meaning Shades:
4 (k) . Becoming the thing indicated in the word from the same root or becoming like the thing indicated in the word from the same root.

5 (k) . Making something reach the thing indicated by the word from the same root as that of the verb.
 جَلَدَهُ بِالسَّوْطHe hit his جِلْد i.e. skin with a whip. (He caused the whip to reach his skin.)

6 (k) . Subject or فَاعِل making separations or divisions or distinctions in the object or مَفْعُول .
قَسَمَهُ He made divisions of it.
فَصَلَهُ He made separations or distinctions in it.

7 (k) . Cutting the thing indicated by the word from the same root.
خَلَى He cut the  خَلًى (fresh, green or juicy herbage) .

8 (k) .  Settling or staying in some place.
ثَوَى فِيهِ He stayed or dwelt in it.
قَرَّ فِيهِ He settled or remained in it. 

9 (k) . Correcting or mending something.

10 (k) . Verbs having sense of throwing.
رَمَى He threw.

11 (k) . Verbs related to sound or speaking.
نَطَقَ He spoke.

12 (k) . Clothing or covering with the thing indicated in the word from the same root. 

13 (k) . Joining or plastering or coating something with the thing indicated in the word from the same root.
طَانَهُ he plastered or coated it with طِين (clay or mud, soil that has been mixed with water.)

14 (a-u, a-i) (k) . To indicate the subject or فَاعِل reaching the place or time indicated by the word from the same root.
(This appears to be more common in a-u as compared to a-i based on (k) and example provided in (k) for a-i has  ف of root as ي and it can also be a reason of converting form to a-i or it may also be originally a-i.)
يَمَنَ He came on right side.

15 (a-u, a-i) (k) .  Preventing something from the meaning indicated by the root of the verb or word from the same root as the verb.

16 (a-u, a-i) (k) . Collecting together or gathering together something. Appears to be more common in a-u as compared to a-i.

17 (a-i, a-u) (k)  .Giving the thing indicated in the word from the same root.

18 (a-i, a-u) (k) . Feeding someone with the thing indicated in the word from the same root.
خَبَزَهُ (a-i) he fed him خُبْز (bread.)
تَمَرَهُ (a-i, a-u) he fed him تَمْر (dates.)

19 (a-u, a-i) (k) . To indicate the subject or فَاعِل making the object or مَفْعُول to become possessed of the meaning indicated by the root or word from the same root.

20 (k)(n) . To indicate a place becoming grassy or herby. (k) discusses this point as muchness of the thing indicated in the source word or root, but both examples quoted in form I in it relate to grass or herbs only. To me it seems to indicate the possessing or being possessed of the thing indicated in the root or word from the same root, as muchness is not a quality of form I.


Some other Possible meaning shades of form I (a)
1 (k) . Subject or فَاعِل  becoming the thing indicated in the word from the same root.

2 (k) . Subject or فَاعِل making the object or مَفْعُول to become the thing indicated in the word from the same root. 

3 (k) . Subject or فَاعِل  breaking the thing indicated in the word from the same root.    

4 (k) . Verbs having sense of giving pain.

5 (k) . Giving something in return for another.

6 (k) . Going or traveling.


ف The form فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ also known as form  فَتَحَ
1 . This form is mostly derived from a-i or a-u because of occurrence of a guttural letter i.e. any of the following letters أ ، ه ، ع ، ح ، غ ، خ as  ع or ل of root and may have any of the meaning shades discussed above for a-i or a-u.

2 (h) . The form فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ usually comes when the verb in not indicative of superiority to the competitor and ع or ل of root is a guttural letter , and root is not with same letter as  ع and ل i.e. it is not a reduplicated verb and verb is not a verb which is well known for its usage in form فَعَلَ a-i يَفْعِلُ or فَعَلَ a-u يَفْعُلُ .The guttural letter makes form a-a allowable, but not necessary.
Extremely few exceptions exist in which form فَعَلَ a-a يَفْعَلُ is used even when ع or ل of root is not a guttural letter e.g. أَبَىٰ يَأْبَىٰ etc. Some possible reasons can be there via which some of the exceptions can be shown to still follow the rule. Some say that بَقَىٰ يَبْقىٰ is originally بَقِىَ يَبْقىٰ because every final ى pronounced with uninflectional fatha and preceded by kasra, can be converted into ا or ى (which is is written ى but spoken like ا and is called ألف مقصورة .) and then kasra on its previous letter is also converted to fatha. Very rarely, perfect of 1 form is used while imperfect of other form is used. Also very rarely, an inter-mixture of 2 dialectic variants is used in which perfect is taken from 1 form while imperfect is taken from the other form.

3 (q) .  This has not been accepted as a baab or form in the real sense and has been made for convenience for roots in which letters أ ، ه ، ع ، ح ، غ ، خ come as  ع or ل of root. But is not necessary that each verb meeting this condition comes on form a-a and may come on other forms also.

4 (k)(h) . Fatha is lighter than kasra and kasra is lighter than damma. So fatha is the lightest of the short vowels. The guttural letters are pronounced from throat and are heavy. Also, the more the number of letters in a word, the heavier the word. Putting fatha instead of damma or kasra lightens the word to some extent.

5 (h)(k) . When same guttural letter comes as  ع or ل of root and the verb is reduplicated, almost always it comes on form a-u or a-i and not a-a.


Important Note: 
Various meaning shades overlap exists between a-u , a-i and a-a i.e. some meaning shades are common for more than 1 form, though the meaning shade may be more common or more applicable in 1 form as compared to the other. Also, the possible meaning shades for form I are many due to which many books don't explain them at all or just touch some meaning shade. All 3 i.e. a-u, a-i and a-a have perfect on pattern فَعَلَ . And as discussed at the beginning, some letters coming in various positions of root also cause certain form of imperfect to come and certain form of imperfect to not come. In addition to that sometimes there are more than one dialectic variants for same verb, as a significant number of verbs are assigned form a-u and a-i at the same time. This implies that a number of meaning shades may be common in both forms. And a-a also is a form just because of a guttural letter coming and is originally a-u or a-i and has meaning shade of a-u or a-i or some meaning shade common between a-u and a-i. In short, all meaning shades discussed in this post are meaning shades when perfect comes on pattern فَعَلَ and should be kept in mind for simplicity. Also since this is form I this also helps us understand in what shades an Arabic verb can be used, as it is not only doing the thing indicated in root but there are various kinds and ways of doing and this can broaden our perspective on Arabic verbs.    

Important Note: 
Best examples for analyzing and verifying the level of applicability or non-applicability of above mentioned meaning shades and for finding additional meaning shades is by studying all occurrences of the form in The Qur'an and for that you can check relevant examples for this form in Pattern Wise Concordance PDF by visiting the post:
Pattern wise, Root wise & Letter wise Concordance of The Qur'an
& downloading the concordance documents freely. You can check relevant examples of most of the patterns used in the Qur'an by using concordance documents.

References: When multiple references mentioned for a point, it means material selected from all quoted references more from some and less from others and all quoted references do not necessarily agree on everything. Material is not exactly copied but based on the reference quoted and I have made additions, editions & changes where required :   
k = Aasaan Khaasiyyaat e abwaab Urdu
h = Howell Arabic Grammar English
w = Wright Arabic Grammar English
t = arabic.tripod.com
q = Qawaid Zaban e Qur'an Urdu
n = new indication by me.
a = Derived from other tools like arabic almanac or some other book.