21 October 2014

Arabic Verb Form I (u) fa'ula فَعُلَ يَفْعُلُ yaf'ulu

Meaning shades of Arabic Verbal Form I (u)

Also see posts on Other Arabic Verb Forms
This post is on The Meanings of Arabic Verb Form I (u)  فَعُلَ, Usually one or multiple (more than one) of the following meaning shades are applicable in a form I (u) verb and applicable meaning shades may differ from verb to verb.
Last edited on : 14-September-2015 and planned to be edited and improved further.

u-u =  فَعُلَ u-u يَفْعُلُ

ك The form فَعُلَ u-u يَفْعُلُ also known as form كَرُمَ

1 (w) . Mostly indicates a permanent state, or a naturally inherent quality.

2 (t) . فَعُلَ is a pure stative structure. It is always stative without irregularities, and the primary meaning of this structure in Classical Arabic is always "he has been something" or "he was something" rather than "he became something."
A main difference between I (u) and I (i) is that I (u) is usually used for simple attributes like "small," "easy," "tall," "good," "slow," "honorable," etc. whereas I (i) is generally used for more real states like "angry," "tired," "safe," "knowing," "forgetting," "saturated," etc.

3 (h) . These verbs denote natural dispositions. Their attributes subsist in the subject and do not pass beyond him. The transitive verb becomes intransitive, when its pattern is changed to فَعُلَ , it may be done for the sake of intensiveness and wonder.

4 (h) . For verbs of natures, i.e. created qualities. Also what is not a nature sometimes following the course of one, when it has some duration.

5 (k) . Used for permanent/continuous attributes which may be divided into 3 types:
Attributes that are:
i. Natural & by birth
ii. Acquired permanently after effort
iii.  Permanent only for a certain duration of time

6 (k) . Always intransitive because verbs coming from u-u are related to subject or فَاعِل itself and not related to something else.

7 (h) . Form I (u) and Form I (i) are sometimes used for colors, defects, appearances etc., but the main forms to depict colors, defects, appearances etc. are Form IX and Form XI.

8 (h) . When perfect is فَعُلَ its imperfect is always يَفْعُلُ (u-u) .

9 (q) . Pattern فَعِيل which is used for permanent/continuous attributes is related for Form I (u-u) in most of such roots from which this pattern comes.

Important Note: 
Best examples for analyzing and verifying the level of applicability or non-applicability of above mentioned meaning shades and for finding additional meaning shades is by studying all occurrences of the form in The Qur'an and for that you can check relevant examples for this form in Pattern Wise Concordance PDF by visiting the post:
Pattern wise, Root wise & Letter wise Concordance of The Qur'an
& downloading the concordance documents freely. You can check relevant examples of most of the patterns used in the Qur'an by using concordance documents.

References: When multiple references mentioned for a point, it means material selected from all quoted references more from some and less from others and all quoted references do not necessarily agree on everything. Material is not exactly copied but based on the reference quoted and I have made additions, editions & changes where required :   
k = Aasaan Khaasiyyaat e abwaab Urdu
h = Howell Arabic Grammar English
w = Wright Arabic Grammar English
t = arabic.tripod.com
q = Qawaid Zaban e Qur'an Urdu
n = new indication by me.
a = Derived from other tools like arabic almanac or some other book.