27 September 2015

Qur'an Concordance - Roots - Patterns - Letters - Word Sets - Word Domains

All Thanks and Praises are Only for ALLAH. Any mistake is due to me.

Qur'an Concordance - Roots - Patterns - Letters is MashaALLAH! complete in July 2018.
Qur'an Concordance - Word Sets is MashaALLAH! complete in July 2018.
Qur'an Concordance - Semantic Word Domains (previously called Synonyms) is MashaALLAH! complete in July 2018.
Download the PDFs below to start studying.
Last updated 17th July 2018.

Qur'an Patterns and Roots Concordance:

Qur'an Patterns Concordance [7.8 MB]

Qur'an Roots Concordance [7.8 MB]

Qur'an Root Letters Concordance Series: 

Qur'an Roots FEL Concordance [7.5 MB]

Qur'an Roots FLE Concordance [7.5 MB]

Qur'an Roots EFL Concordance [7.5 MB]

Qur'an Roots ELF Concordance [7.5 MB]

Qur'an Roots LFE Concordance [7.5 MB]

Qur'an Roots LEF Concordance [7.5 MB]

Qur'an Roots Permutation Concordance [5.1 MB]

Qur'an Roots with Common Root Letters [1 MB]

Qur'an Same FE Roots Concordance [7.6 MB]

Qur'an AWY as F Roots Concordance [1.6 MB]

Qur'an Word Set Concordance:

Qur'an Word Set Concordance [9.3 MB]

Qur'an Semantic Word Domain Concordance:

Qur'an Semantic Word Domain Roots Concordance [8.1 MB]

Qur'an Semantic Word Domain Topics Concordance [8.1 MB]


Qur'an Concordance Reference Books: 

Books linked directly from Qur'an Concordance PDFs:
Mu'jam ul Mufahras ush Shamil li Alfaz il Qur'an il Kareem bir Rasm il Uthmani [319.8 MB]
Mu'jam Huroof il Ma'ani fil Qur'an il Kareem [43.2 MB]
Mutaraadifaat ul Qur'an (Urdu) [26.9 MB] 
Arabic Almanac

Other Books:
Mu'jam al Mufahras li Alfaz il Qur'an il Kareem [264.6 MB]
Mafsal Aayaat il Qur'an [144.2 MB]
The Clear Concordances of The Holy Qur'an [411 MB]

Quick Introduction

Pattern Wise concordance of Words from The Qur’an with some grammatical notes. Many efforts are being made on Root Wise concordance of The Qur’an, but this new and unique idea focuses on Pattern Wise concordance of the Qur’an. Gathering and sorting together, the similar pattern words of different roots together, to study and understand pattern effects better. In Root Wise Concordance, different patterns of the same root have some link to the root meaning. Similarly, in Pattern Wise Concordance, same patterns usually have some similar effects on the meaning of roots.

Root Wise Concordance document has also been prepared and uploaded for maximum research and study benefit, so that you can study and research words from the same roots used in The Qur'an. Root Wise Concordance is one of the oldest and most widely used method. Most of the Classical Dictionaries are also arranged according to roots so that all derivatives of a root are studied together.

In addition to that, Letter Wise Concordance documents have also been prepared and uploaded for even more study and research benefit, e.g. to analyze a word together with other words that have same 2 root letters at same locations and only 1 root letter different at 1 location. Also, what happens when the same root letters are used, but only their order is changed, i.e. examples are there in The Qur'an of even 6 unique roots formed from the same 3 root letters i.e. all possible combinations actually being used in The Qur'an. Then there are 5 unique roots using  same 3 root letters, and then cases of 4, 3 and so on...    

That is, while a researcher can inshaALLAH! :
1. Study all words from the same root used in The Qur’an, to try to understand a word better (Root Wise Concordance)
2. He can also study same pattern words and similar pattern words used in The Qur’an to understand the word even more effectively inshaALLAH! (Pattern Wise Concordance)
3. He can the also try to understand the effects of same letters coming in same positions of the root in different roots. (Letter Wise Concordance)

Note: You must download below PDFs instead of opening in browser so that when you click links, your PDF remains open. If you open PDF online, on clicking any link the PDF  will be replaced by webpage of clicked link.

Letter Wise Concordance Quick Introduction :

Qur'an Roots with Common Root Letters: To see different roots made from the same 3 root letters.
FEL: Lists roots sorted according to root letter of ف, then ع, then ل
LEF: Lists roots sorted according to root letter of ل, then ع, then ف
ELF: Lists roots sorted according to root letter of ع, then ل, then ف
FLE: Lists roots sorted according to root letter of ف, then ل, then ع
EFL: Lists roots sorted according to root letter of ع, then ف, then ل
LFE: Lists roots sorted according to root letter of ل, then ف, then ع
Same FE roots: Sorts roots based on the number of roots having the same letters for ف and ع in the root.
Same EL roots: Sorts roots based on the number of roots having the same letters for ع and ل in the root.
Same FL roots: Sorts roots based on the number of roots having the same letters for ف and ل in the root.
FEE & FEFE roots: Lists roots having same letter as ع and ل of the root and also the roots having a biliteral root repeated to make a quadriliteral root.
AWY as F roots: Lists roots having ا or و or ى as ف of the root.
AWY as E roots: Lists roots having ا or و or ى as ع of the root.
AWY as L roots: Lists roots having ا or و or ى as ل of the root.
Permutation Concordance: Sorts roots based on the number of roots in The Qur'an in which the same root letters have been used but with different ordering of the root letters.

Using quick search codes 

Click Ctrl+f i.e. Ctrl and f keys together after opening any of the above Qur'an Concordance PDFs and search box will inshaALLAH appear.

Quick search codes have been devised to search a root or word and particle quickly in the PDF documents. For roots and other words, the below transliteration table is used along with the unique code for each and the method used is r.root. and o.word. or o.particle.

Learn transliteration equivalent letters for Arabic for quick root access and quick other words and particles access.

PDF searchable equivalent for Arabic Letters
خ ح ج ث ت ب ا
x h j c t b a
ص ش س ز ر ذ د
1 $ s ; r z d
ق ف غ ع ظ ط ض
q f g e 4 3 2
ى و ه ن م ل ك
y w o n m l k

For roots, you have to start with "r." and then type the equivalent root and then end with "." e.g. r.e1m. for ع ص م  .

The o. series covers all other words and particles . In this case, every letter is mentioned, those with tashdeed are written twice. All harkaat are ignored and only the letters are taken into account when making the code e.g. o.a. for أَ . Words ending with Alif Maqsoorah ىٰ are written with y and not a just like the way many dictionaries have placed such words.

For accessing all roots with 2 root letters at 2 fixed positions in different roots, the codes used for r.e1m. root i.e ع ص م are is 12.e1 , 13.em , 23.1m for 1st 2 root letters, 1st and 3rd root letters and 2nd and 3rd root letters. In this way with 23.1m , you can search all roots in which 2nd and 3rd root letters are ص م .

For patterns, here are some common conventions used. f is ف and ' (single quotation mark) is ع and l is ل and for tashdeed, the letter is written twice. For fatha, a is written and for fatha followed by ا or ىٰ aa is written and for fatha followed by آء aaa. is written. For kasra, i is written, and for kasra followed by ى ee is written for damma u is written and for damma followed by و oo is written. For ء . is written. For fatha followed by ي ay is written. For ه h is written. a is written for أَ i is written for إِ and u is written for أُ . For fatha followed by ت or ة at is written. For quick search of patterns, the method devised is to start with "p." and then mention base pattern and then end with "." . Base pattern allows to search and see derivatives of the pattern like broken plurals etc. As an example, for Form I Active Participle, the pattern code is p.faa'il.

The codes are usually started and ended with "." to not mix up smaller and larger subsets. e.g. o.a. will give limited searches while o.a will return many results. 

ms22 means page 22 of Mu'jam ul Mufahras ush Shamil li Alfaz il Qur'an il Kareem bir Rasm il Uthmani and hm22 means page 22 of Mu'jam Huroof il Ma'ani fil Qur'an il Kareem i.e. the streaming pages of these 2 books are linked from the concordance PDFs and also the page numbers with book codes are given so that those who want to access the required pages in the PDFs for these 2 books can do so.

After the roots codes e.g. r.e1m. , a number is written which gives the number of words from that root for which entries are present in the Qur'an Concordance PDFs. Similarly after the base pattern codes e.g. p.faa'il. a number is given which gives number of entries in this PDF for which the base pattern is such. For other entries like particles, names, and even Huroof ul Muqatta'at, a count is also given after such indicating how many entries are there, using the same letters regardless of harkaat on them.

The i0002 codes given at the end of each entry in the quick search references and links column is the unique identity of each entry, using this code, you can access the exact same entry in various types of concordance e.g. Qur'an Roots Concordance, Qur'an Patterns Concordance etc.

Lastly, the direct links given in quick search references and links columns give links to above mentioned 2 concordance books. 1st is basically a Words Concordance and 2nd is basically a Particles Concordance.

Further Explanation:

Now coming to Pattern Names column. For words ending with ة I have added t in pattern name column and mentioned t.f with real feminine cases only, keeping remaining ة cases open. t.s is written where ة is only in singular and not in plural and t.p is written when ة is only in plural and not in singular. t.n.un is written for noun of unity, with ة denoted by t.

n.plc is written for noun of place and n.tim is written for noun of time. And where the word has come as both noun of place and time at different places in the Qur’an n.plc/tim is written. From derived verbal forms, passive participle pattern is also used for noun of place and noun of time, vb.II.ptrn.pp N.plc/tim is written instead of just n.plc/tim.

pl means plural and dl means dual and cl means collective noun and gn means generic noun. For sound plurals, pl is usually not mentioned in form name as it is obvious. In broken plurals, z.pl is written instead of pl so that it is sorted later. Moreover, in certain cases, only plural form is used in the Qur'an and singular is not used, so singular is checked using some grammar books and vocabulary books, which may have some chance of error, so due to this, sorting these pl at the end with z.pl is a better option.

ap is active participle, pp is passive participle, and vn is verbal noun. vb.I.ap means active participle of verbal form I type. Similarly for others, as terms already exist for verbal forms and they should be kept. vb.I.ptrn.pp.N means noun comes on form I passive participle pattern but is not passive participle, but some other noun. Similarly is the case for ap and other derived forms.

The pattern of fi'aal is also the pattern of vb.III.vn (verbal noun corresponding to form III verb) and for cases where I found reference to it in Lane's Lexicon or some other books I  have seen, I have added vb.III.vn also.

Miscellaneous is written for prepositions, particles, conjunctions, pronouns etc. as sufficient material is available for these. Assigning and arranging these via patterns is not usually possible, but splitting some of these into sub-particles is possible which I have attempted to do by mentioning probable sub-particles in some words. Most of the proper nouns have not been assigned patterns or roots.

Context also has effects on the scope of the meaning e.g. The being whose quality is described, the word's context & placement in the Qur'an etc.

Usually a language comes first, and then it is analysed to derive grammar rules, so Concordance of The Qur'an is an important idea, by which existing grammar rules can be verified or improved, exceptions can be studied & there are many other benefits. The Qur'an is a Miracle in Arabic. So from its Miraculous language, you can get the highest quality grammar.

This work is just a beginning, and scholars should take this idea and work to the next level by the help of ALLAH but they must keep the projects, books and tools free for all.

In case of any further help in using these Qur'an Concordance PDFs, feel free to email me or contact me on Twitter. With such questions, I can make this guide even more detailed inshaALLAH!