3 November 2013

Arabic Roots, Patterns & Augmentative Letters 4 - و

و as Augmentative Letter
The و can be judged to be augmentative in following cases:

When the و is accompanied by 3 or more root letters. There can be other augmentative letters in the word in addition to و

فُعُّول - قُدُّوس - ق د س
 فَعُّول - زَقُّوم - ز ق م
 فَعْلُون - زَيْتُون - ز ي ت
 فَعْلُونَة - زَيْتُونَة - ز ي ت
 فَعَلُوت - مَلَكُوت - م ل ك
 فَنْعَلُوت - عَنْكَبُوت - ع ك ب
 يَفْعُول - يَحْمُوم - ح م م
 أُفْعُول - أُخْدُود - خ د د
 فَعُول - شَكُور - ش ك ر
 فَعُول - طَهُور - ط ه ر
 فُعُول - خُرُوج - خ ر ج
 فُعُول - خُشُوع - خ ش ع
 فَاعُول - فَارُوق - ف ر ق
 فَاعُول - قَارُون - ق ر ن
 فُعْلُوم - حُلْقُوم - ح ل ق
 فُعْلُول - خُرْطُوم - خ ر ط م
 فُعْلُون - عُرْجُون - ع ر ج
 فَعْوَلَة - قَسْوَرَة - ق س ر
 فِعْلَوْل - فِرْدَوْس - ف ر د س
 فَوْعَل - كَوْثَر - ك ث ر
 مَفْعُول - مَعْرُوف - ع ر ف
 مَفْعُولَة - مَعْرُوفَة - ع ر ف


Notes:
1. The و is not considered augmentative when 1st letter of a word.  
2. In following case, و is not augmentative since only 2 other root letters are in the word, and it is 3rd root letter, while 2 augmentative letters come at the end. 
فِعْلِيت - عِزْوِيت - ع ز و
3. With only 2 other root letters, it is also root letter and not an augmentative letter.
فَعْل - قَوْل - ق و ل
4.  in reduplicated roots in which a 2 letter root is repeated to make a 4 letter root, the و is not augmentative. 
فَعْفَع (فَعْلَل) - وَعْوَع - و ع و ع
5. If the و is accompanied by 2 root letters and a أ or م as 1st letter then usually that أ or م is judged to be augmentative while the و is judged to be root letter.  
أَفْعَل - أَوْسَط - و س ط
مَفْعِل - مَوْبِق - و ب ق 
.